Academic papers


Berdejó, Criminalizing Race: Racial Disparities in Plea Bargaining. Boston College Law Review. 2018 [pdf]


Pierson, Simoiu, Overgoor, Corbett-Davies, Ramachandran, Phillips & Goel, A large-scale analysis of racial disparities in police stops across the United States. Working Paper. 2017


Goel, Rao & Shroff, Precinct of Prejudice? The Annals of Applied Statistics. 2016

Zaw, Hamilton & Darity, Race, Wealth and Incarceration: Results from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Race and Social Problems. 2016

Clegg, A Class Blind Spot? Anti-racism in the United States. Global Labour Journal. 20016.

James, James & Vila, The Reverse Racism Effect. Criminology & Public Policy. 2016.

But see Impossibility of a “Reverse Racism” Effect

Fryer, An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force. Working Paper. 2016

But see Roland Fryer is wrong: There is racial bias in shootings by police

Here’s why I’m skeptical of Roland Fryer’s new, much-hyped study on police shootings

Did a study really find there aren’t racial disparities in police shootings? Not so fast

Yes, there is racial “bias” in police shootings 

Mears, Cochran, and Lindsey, Offending and Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Criminal Justice. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice. 2016 [pdf]


Zimring & Arsiniega, Trends in Killings of and by Police: A Preliminary Analysis. Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law. 2015 [pdf]

Coviello & Persico, An Economic Analysis of Black-White Disparities in NYPD’s Stop and Frisk ProgramJournal of Legal Studies. 2015 [pdf]

Ross, A Multi-Level Bayesian Analysis of Racial Bias in Police Shootings at the County-Level in the United States, 2011–2014. PLOS. 2015 [pdf]

Corell, Hudson, Guillermo & Ma, The Police Officer’s Dilemma: A Decade of Research on Racial Bias in the Decision to Shoot. Social Personality Psychology Compass. 2015

Ingriselli, Mitigating Jurors’ Racial Biases. Yale Low Journal. 2015.


Starr & Rehavi, Mandatory Sentencing and Racial Disparity: Assessing the Role of Prosecutors and the Effects of Booker. Yale Law Journal. 2013


Sadler, Correll, Park and Judd, The World Is Not Black and White: Racial Bias in the Decision to Shoot in a Multiethnic Context. Journal of Social Issues. 2012 [pdf]


Tonry, The Social, Psychological, and Political Causes of Racial Disparities in the American Criminal Justice System. Crime and Justice. 2010 [pdf]


Weitzer, Tuch & Skogan, Police–Community Relations in a Majority-Black CityJournal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 2008


Gelman, Fagan & Kiss, An Analysis of the New York City Police Department’s “Stop-and-Frisk” Policy in the Context of Claims of Racial BiasJournal of the American Statistical Association. 2007 [pdf]

Correll, Park, Judd,  Wittenbrink & Sadler, Across the Thin Blue Line: Police Officers and Racial Bias in the Decision to Shoot. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2007 [pdf]


Stolzenberg , Eitle and D’Alessio, Race, Economic Inequality, and Violent Crime. Journal of Criminal Justice. 2006 [pdf]


Sampson, Morenoff, and  Raudenbush, Social Anatomy of Racial and Ethnic Disparities in ViolenceAmerican Journal of Public Health. 2005 [pdf]


Correll, Park,  Judd & Wittenbrink, The police officer’s dilemma: using ethnicity to disambiguate potentially threatening individualsJournal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2002 [pdf]


Knowles, Persico & Todd, Racial Bias in Motor Vehicle Searches: Theory and Evidence. Journal of Political Economy. 2001.


Bonilla-Silva, Rethinking Racism: Toward a Structural Interpretation. American Sociological Review. 1997

 and  Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Crime and Criminal Justice in the United States. Crime and Justice. 1997 [pdf]


Covington, Racial classification in criminology: The reproduction of racialized crime. Sociological Forum. 1995 [pdf]

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